Fix “The Drive Is Not Accessible. The Parameter Is Incorrect” Error In Windows

parameter is incorrect

When you use too much of your storage drive, you risk damaging it. One of the most common problems you can face while using a drive is that you try connecting the drive with your system, and the system responds by an error message saying the parameter is incorrect.

This usually happens when the drive becomes corrupted or damaged, and the system cannot recognize the drive.

What Does ‘Parameter Is Incorrect’ Mean?

The parameter is incorrect is an error message encountered by the users while accessing drive on their windows operating system. This problem usually happens with the external drive.

When this error happens, you are restricted from accessing the data from the drive. In fact, you won’t be able to see the drive connected to your system.

Causes Of ‘Parameter Is Incorrect Error?

As we have already said, this error is most associated with external hard drives. And when we talk about external hard drive errors, there are just too many things that could go wrong.

For instance:

  • Corrupted drive.
  • Physical damage.
  • Virus infection.
  • Power outages.
  • Unauthorized removal of the drive.
  • Drive with bad sectors.

And the list just goes on! So, if you have encountered any of the scenarios we have just mentioned above, you can resolve the issue by following the methods we are about to list below.

How To Fix Incorrect Parameter Errors?

If the data on the drive causing the ‘parameter is incorrect’ error is not important, the problem can be solved with a simple formatting method. However, if you don’t want to lose the data, you can try your hands on these methods.

Method 1: Fix The Issue With CHKDSK

If you are a Windows user, you will be aware that Windows has its inbuilt utility program to check for errors in the system. This utility program can scan the logical file system and highlight the errors.

Follow the steps:

  • Type CMD in the Windows search box.
  • Right-click on the command prompt.
  • Select Run As Administrator.
  • The system will ask for admin access. Click yes to grant admin access.
  • Now type: chkdsk X: /f. Here X, is the name of the drive-in question.
  • The utility program will start the scanning process. It will check for any errors with the drive and try to resolve them.

Note: Once the scanning process is completed, reconnect the drive, and if you can access the data, immediately back up the data and format the drive.

Method 2: Use Reliable Anti-Virus Program

Sometimes, the device becomes unrecognizable due to some virus attack. Scanning the drive with reliable antivirus software will help you weed out the malicious files and folders. This way, you will be able to regain access to the drive. 

Method 3: Run SFC Scan

While using the CHKDSK method, it is always possible not to work at a 100% success rate. In that case, you can use the SFC scan to find what is wrong with the drive.

Follow the steps to run the SFC scan effectively.

  • Press WINDOWS +Q.
  • The search bar will open.
  • Type CMD.
  • Right-click the command prompt. 
  • Select run as administrator.
  • Now type SFC/scannow.
  • The scan will initiate itself and check for any file system error.

Once the scabbing process is completed, restart the system so that the changes can take place.

Format The Drive

Formatting is the last method you must go for. Formatting the drive with Parameter Is Incorrect error will certainly solve the problem. But will erase the data in the process. So you must go with this solution only if you have backups of the original drive or have a data recovery solution at your disposal.


Here are a few questions that remain prominent among the readers. We have listed down the most asked questions and have answered them to ensure our readers get everything that they are looking for.

Q1. Why Would Incorrect Parameters Happen?

The ‘parameter is incorrect’ error message pops up when trying to access your drive. This can happen on any drive you are working on. When this error message shows on your screen, you cannot access any data from the drive.

The parameter is Incorrect errors happen due to various reasons. We have already listed all the possible reasons at the start of the article. Do take a look.

You might ask yourself, how do I fix the ‘Parameter Is Incorrect’ error? Well, to your answer, we have already talked about possible solutions in this article. Scroll up and see what method might hold the right solution for you.

Q2. What Happens After Experiencing ‘Parameter Is Incorrect’?

When a user experience parameter is incorrect, there are two possible outcomes. First, it makes your drive inaccessible. Second, it restricts you from copying the original file to a different location. Unfortunately, that means you are stuck with your data being inside the drive without any way to access them.

Q3. What To Do When You Receive ‘Parameter Is Incorrect’?

Now that you know everything about the Parameter is incorrect, you will better understand how to solve the problem. After receiving the error message, the first thing you must do is stop using the drive, stop any read and write operation. This ensures that the data is not overwritten and increases the recovery chances.

Recover Data From Drive With ‘Parameter Is Incorrect’ Error

When you encounter incorrect parameter issues, you are restricted from accessing the data of the drive. If you are late with your action to extract the data, the data might be lost forever. To protect the data from being lost, use iBoysoft data recovery software. It will assist you with effective data recovery. Once the data has been recovered, you can format the drive to resolve the error issue.

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